Life partner meaning in gujarati
Gujaratis are prominent entrepreneurs and industrialists, and many notable Indian independence activists were Gujarati. Despite significant migration primarily for economic reasons, most Gujaratis in India live in the state of Gujarat in western India. In , an epidemic devastated numerous parts of Gujarat during which , Gujaratis were killed in Surat alone. An outbreak of bubonic plague in has been claimed to have killed about half the Gujarati population. Early European travelers like Ludovico di Varthema 15th century traveled to Gujarat and wrote on the people of Gujarat. He noted that Jainism had a strong presence in Gujarat and opined that Gujaratis were deprived of their kingdom by Mughals because of their kind heartedness.SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Translate into English from Gujarati - Amazing Translation Memory Technique l VIP Academy
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partner - meaning in Gujarati
Gujaratis are prominent entrepreneurs and industrialists, and many notable Indian independence activists were Gujarati. Despite significant migration primarily for economic reasons, most Gujaratis in India live in the state of Gujarat in western India. In , an epidemic devastated numerous parts of Gujarat during which , Gujaratis were killed in Surat alone.
An outbreak of bubonic plague in has been claimed to have killed about half the Gujarati population. Early European travelers like Ludovico di Varthema 15th century traveled to Gujarat and wrote on the people of Gujarat. He noted that Jainism had a strong presence in Gujarat and opined that Gujaratis were deprived of their kingdom by Mughals because of their kind heartedness.
His description of Gujaratis was: . Orthodox Gujarati society, which was mercantile by nature,  was historically organized along ethno-religious lines and shaped into existence on the strength of its Mahajan " guild assemblies" ,   and for its institution of Nagarsheth "head of the guild assembly" ; a 16th-century Mughal system akin to medieval European guilds which self-regulated the mercantile affairs of multi-ethnic, multi-religious communities in the Gujarati bourgeoisie long before municipal state politics was introduced.
This led to religious interdependence , tolerance, assimilation and community cohesion ultimately becoming the hallmark of modern-day Gujarati society. The Gujarati people are predominantly Hindu.
Gujaratis have a long tradition of seafaring and a history of overseas migration to foreign lands, to Yemen  Oman  Bahrain ,  Kuwait, Zanzibar  and other countries in the Persian Gulf  since a mercantile culture resulted naturally from the state's proximity to the Arabian Sea.
Gujarati parents in the diaspora are not comfortable with the possibility of their language not surviving them. There is a community of Gujarati Muslims mainly settled in the Pakistani province of Sindh for generations. Community leaders say there are 3,, speakers of Gujarati language in Karachi. Main article: Gujarati Muslims in Sri Lanka. There is relatively a large number of Gujarati Muslims settled in Sri Lanka. They mainly represent the Dawoodi Bhora and the Memon community , and there is also a minority of Sindhi people in Sri Lanka.
These communities are mainly into trading businesses and lately, they have diversified into different trades and sectors. Great number of Gujarati Muslims migrated after the Partition of India in These communities are well known for their social welfare activities in Sri Lanka.
In addition, Gujarati Muslims have shown their excellence in business and various trades by developing large enterprises in Sri Lanka. Members of these community maintain their Indian Gujarati culture in their every day life. The United States has the second-largest Gujarati diaspora after Pakistan. Significant immigration from India to the United States started after the landmark Immigration and Nationality Act of Since US immigration laws allow sponsoring immigration of parents, children and particularly siblings on the basis of family reunion, the numbers rapidly swelled.
Gujaratis have had a long involvement with Britain. The original East India Company set up a factory trading post in the port city of Surat in Gujarat in These were the beginnings of first real British involvement with India that eventually led to the formation of the British Raj.
At a population of around ,  Gujaratis form almost half of the Indian community who live in the UK 1. Gujaratis first went to the UK in the 19th century with the establishment of the British Raj in India. Prominent members of this community such as Shyamji Krishna Varma played a vital role in exerting political pressure upon colonial powers during the Indian independence movement.
The present day Gujarati diaspora in the UK is mostly the second and third generation descendants of "twice-over" immigrants from the former British colonies of East Africa, Portugal , and Indian Ocean Islands. Most of them despite being British Subjects had restricted access to Britain after successive Immigration acts of , and Most were, however, eventually admitted on the basis of a Quota voucher system or, in case of Uganda, as refugees after the expulsion order by the Ugandan ruler, Idi Amin in August Gujaratis in Britain are regarded as affluent middle-class peoples who have assimilated into the milieu of British society.
There is also a small, but vibrant Gujarati-speaking Parsi community of Zoroastrians present in the country, dating back to the bygone era of Dadabhai Navroji , Shapurji Saklatvala and Pherozeshah Mehta. Gujarati Hindus in the UK have maintained many traditions from their homeland.
The community remains religious with more than temples catering for their religious needs. All major Hindu festivals such as Navratri , Dassara, and Diwali are celebrated with a lot of enthusiasm even from the generations brought up in UK. Gujarati Hindus also maintain their caste affiliation to some extent with most major castes having their own community association in each population center with significant Gujarati population such as Leicester and London suburbs.
Patidars form the largest community in the diaspora including Kutch Leva Patels,  followed closely by Lohanas of Saurashtra origin. Endogamy remains important to Gujarati Muslims in UK with the existence of matrimonial services specifically dedicated to their community.
This system is the traditional expression of communal solidarity. It is designed to regulate the affairs of the community and apply sanctions against infractions of the communal code.
India becoming the predominant IT powerhouse in the s has led to waves of new immigration by Gujaratis, and other Indians with software skills to the UK. In , the Gujarat Studies Association was formed in order to raise awareness about research being conducted on the Gujaratis - their patron is Lord Bhikhu Parekh.
Two Gujarati business communities, the Palanpuri Jains and the Kathiawadi Patels from Surat, have come to dominate the diamond industry of Belgium. Canada, just like its southern neighbour, is home to a large Gujarati community. According to the census, there are , Gujaratis of various religious backgrounds living in Canada. The primary immigration was mainly from Gujarat and to a lesser extent from Punjab. They were brought there by the British Empire from India to do clerical work in Imperial service, or unskilled and semi-skilled manual labour such as construction or farm work.
In the s, 32, labourers from British India were brought to the then British East African colonies under indentured labour contracts to work on the construction of the Uganda Railway that started in the Kenyan port city of Mombasa and ended in Kisumu on Kenyan side of Lake Victoria. Most of the surviving Indians returned home, but 6, individuals decided to remain in the African Great Lakes after the line's completion.
Many Asians, particularly the Gujarati, in these regions were in the trading businesses. They included Gujaratis of all religions as well many of the castes and Quoms. Since the representation of Indians in these occupations was high, stereotyping of Indians in Kenya, Uganda and Tanganyka as shopkeepers was common. A number of people worked for the British run banks.
They also worked in skilled labor occupations, as managers, teachers and administrators. For example, in Uganda, the Mehta and Madhvani families controlled the bulk of the manufacturing businesses. Gated ethnic communities served elite healthcare and schooling services. Additionally, the tariff system in Uganda had historically been oriented toward the economic interests of South Asian traders.
Their number was estimated at 45, at the independence of the East African countries in the early s. The countries of East Africa gained independence from Britain in the early s.
At that time most Gujarati and other Asians opted to remain as British Subjects. The African politicians at that time accused Asians of economic exploitation and introduced a policy of Africanization. A system of work permits and trade licenses was introduced in to restrict the role of Indians in economic and professional activities.
Indians were segregated and discriminated against in all walks of life. However, restrictive British immigration policies stopped a mass exodus of East African Asians until Idi Amin came to power in He exploited pre-existing Indophobia and spread propaganda against Indians involving stereotyping and scapegoating the Indian minority. Indians were stereotyped as "only traders" and "inbred" to their profession. Indians were labelled as "dukawallas" an occupational term that degenerated into an anti-Indian slur during Amin's time , and stereotyped as "greedy, conniving", without any racial identity or loyalty but "always cheating, conspiring and plotting" to subvert Uganda.
Amin used this propaganda to justify a campaign of "de-Indianization", eventually resulting in the expulsion and ethnic cleansing of Uganda's Indian minority.
Gujarati and other Indians started moving to the Kenya colony at the end of the 19th century when the British colonial authorities started opening up the country with the laying down of the railroads. A small colony of merchants, however, had existed on the port cities such Mombasa on the Kenyan coast for hundreds of years prior to that. Over the following decades the population, mainly Gujarati but also a sizable number of Punjabi, increased in size. The population started declining after the independence of Kenya in the s.
At that time the majority of Gujaratis opted for British citizenship and eventually moved there, especially to cities like Leicester or London suburbs. There is a small community of people of Indian origin living in Uganda, but the community is far smaller than before when Ugandan ruler Idi Amin expelled most Asians, including Gujaratis. Some died, while others returned to India after the end of their contracts, but few chose to stay. They were joined by Gujarati traders called "passenger Indians",  both Hindu and Muslim free migrants who came to serve the economic needs of the indentured labourers, and to capitalise on the economic opportunities.
After the expulsion, most Indians and Gujaratis migrated to the United Kingdom. Indians have a long history in Tanzania starting with the arrival of Gujarati traders in the 19th century.
Many of them are traders and they control a sizeable portion of the Tanzanian economy. They came to gradually control the trade in Zanzibar. Many of the buildings constructed then still remain in Stone Town , the focal trading point on the island. The Indian community in South Africa is more than a years old and is concentrated in and around the city of Durban. Passenger Indians, who initially operated in Durban, expanded inland, to the South African Republic Transvaal , establishing communities in settlements on the main road between Johannesburg and Durban.
After wealthy Gujarati Muslim merchants began experiencing discrimination from repressive colonial legislation in Natal ,  they sought the help of one young lawyer, Mahatma Gandhi to represent the case of a Memon businessman. Indians in South Africa could traditionally be bifurcated as either indentured labourers largely from Tamil Nadu, with smaller amounts from UP and Bihar and merchants exclusively from Gujarat. Post democracy, sizeable amounts of new immigrants have settled in various parts of South Africa, including many newer Gujaratis.
Indians have played an important role in the anti-apartheid movement of South Africa. Oman , holding a strategically important position at the mouth of the Persian Gulf , has been the primary focus of trade and commerce for medieval Gujarati merchants for much of its history and Gujaratis, along with various other ethnic groups, founded and settled its capital port city, Muscat.
Gujaratis had a flourishing trade with Southeast Asia in the 15th and 16th centuries, and played a pivotal role in establishing Islam in the region. There estimated around 31, Gujarati in Malaysia. Gujarati food has famously been described as "the haute cuisine of vegetarianism" and meals have a subtle balance of sweet, tart and mild hot sensations on the palate. However, many Gujaratis such as Hindu Rajputs , Christians , and Muslims have traditionally eaten a variety of meats and seafood, although Muslims don't eat pork and Hindus don't eat beef.
The different types of flatbreads that a Gujarati cooks are rotli or chapati , bhakhri , thepla or dhebara, puri food , maal purah, and puran-pohli.
Popular snacks such as Khaman , Dhokla , Pani Puri , Dhokli, dal-dhokli, Undhiyu , Jalebi , fafda, chevdoh , Samosa , papri chaat , Muthia, Bhajia, Patra, bhusu, locho, sev usal, fafda gathiya, vanela gathiya and Sev mamra are traditional Gujarati dishes savoured by many communities across the world. Khichdi — a mix of rice and mung dal , cooked with spice — is a popular and nutritious dish which has regional variations.
Gujarati author Kundanika Kapadia dies at 93
She was Those associated with Nandigram Ashram said that Kapadia breathed her last at her residence in the Ashram itself. Kapadia and Makrand Dave, the Gujarati poet who was her partner in life, had co-founded the Nandigram ashram in with an aim to serve the downtrodden as well as to lead a spiritual life.
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Zed Books Ltd. What happens to religious and cultural traditions when they are taken from their context into a new, often secular, state? Women, Violence and Tradition is a fascinating look into the life histories of women from ethnic minority communities in the West, focusing specifically on their experiences of under-researched cultural practices. The book gives close insight into how ethnic minority women today navigate between their religious and cultural traditions and the secular state in which they live. The volume illuminates areas of tension and difficulty when some women actively try to reform aspects of their tradition whilst remaining furiously loyal to their cultural identity. Other examples highlight how young women are choosing to endorse traditional practices, seeing this as an important way of demonstrating the legitimacy of their religion and culture in the face of increasing hostility. This brave and original book tackles the sensitive and controversial issue of female genital mutilation, as well as surveying changing attitudes and practices around marriage and divorce. Using a cross-cultural perspective the book draws on the views of activists and community organisations who work with women to confront injustice. Researching Stories. Somali Memories of Female Genital Mutilation.
English to Gujarati Dictionary dispensable. If - heaven forbid - things did get out of hand, better to have a row of eminently 'dispensable' foreign journalists in the most vulnerable seats than the prime minister and his entourage. Our very success has made us seem 'dispensable'. Speaking at the presentation ceremony, the Minister condemned those who have said that Irish has no place in modern society and that it is a 'dispensable' relic from the past. Yet these aren't 'dispensable' technicalities or bits of mere philosophical jargon; they're essential to any useful discussion of ethics.
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English to Gujarati Meaning :: partner
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Use this free dictionary to get the definition of friend in Gujarati and also the definition of friend in English. Also see the translation in Gujarati or translation in English, synonyms, antonyms, related words, image and pronunciation for helping spoken English improvement or spoken Gujarati improvement. English is one of the most widely spoken languages across the globe and a common language of choice for people from different backgrounds trying to communicate with each other. This is the reason why English is the second language learned by most of the people. Gujarati is an Indo-Aryan language native to the Indian state of Gujarat. It is part of the greater Indo-European language family.
partner meaning in Gujarati | partner ગુજરાતીનો અર્થ
10 Gujarati words and phrases you can use everyday