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Looking for girlfriend > Looking for a woman > How do i find a woman by her maiden name

How do i find a woman by her maiden name

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This site uses cookies. By continuing to use this website you agree to our cookie policy. Try these simple tricks to pinpoint your female ancestors' elusive family names. Tracing your female ancestors can be a challenge since almost all women took their husband's family name when they were married. But, not all is lost, below are some of the many ways that can help you trace your ancestor's maiden name.

SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Can a married woman still use her maiden name in official documents?

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SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Is maiden name first or last?

Republic Act 386

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When a person traditionally the wife in many cultures assumes the family name of their spouse , that name replaces the person's previous surname , which in the case of the wife is called the maiden name birth name is also used as a gender-neutral or masculine substitute for maiden name , whereas a married name is a family name or surname adopted by a person upon marriage. In Scotland it is legal and not unusual for a woman to retain her maiden name after marriage.

In point of fact if a woman's family was more 'influential' than the groom then he sometimes took his bride's family name. In some jurisdictions, changing one's name requires a legal procedure.

Nevertheless, in some jurisdictions anyone who either marries or divorces may change their name. Due to increasing security and identification needs, even where it is legal, the common law method is now rarely accepted except especially for women at marriage. Traditionally, in the Anglophone West only women change their names on marriage, but in some instances men may change their last names upon marriage as well, including same-sex couples. In the United States, only eight states have an official name change for a man as part of their marriage process, and in others a man may petition a court or—where not prohibited—use the common law method though government agencies sometimes do not recognize this procedure for men.

Due to the widespread practice of women changing their names at marriage, they encounter little difficulty using the common law method at marriage in those jurisdictions that permit it. In the remainder of this article, birth name, family name, surname, married name and maiden name refer to patrilineal surnames unless explicitly described as referring to matrilineal surnames.

In most of Canada, either partner may informally assume the spouse's surname after marriage, so long as it is not for the purposes of fraud. The same is true for people in common-law relationships , in some provinces. This is not considered a legal name change in most provinces, excluding British Columbia. Women would traditionally go by their husband's surname in daily life, but their maiden name remained their legal name.

Newlyweds who wish to change their names upon marriage must therefore go through the same procedure as those changing their names for other reasons. The registrar of civil status may authorize a name change if:. This law does not make it legal for a woman to change her name immediately upon marriage, as marriage is not listed among the reasons for a name change.

This process is expedited for newly married persons in that their marriage certificate , in combination with identification using their married name, is usually accepted as evidence of the change, due to the widespread custom, but the process still requires approaching every contact who uses the old name and asking them to use the new. Unless the statutes where the marriage occurred specify that a name change may occur at marriage in which case the marriage certificate indicates the new name , the courts have officially recognized that such a change is a result of the common law right of a person man, woman, and sometimes child to change their name.

However, men encounter more difficulties in changing their last names. First National Bank , 10 F. The court ruled in her favor. This set forth many things. By common law, one may lawfully change their name and be "known and recognized" by that new name. Also, one may enter into any kinds of contracts in their new adopted name. Contracts include employment see Coppage v. Kansas U. In in Erie Exchange v. Lane , Md. In the past, a woman in England would usually assume her new husband's family name or surname after marriage; often she was compelled to do so under coverture laws.

Assuming the husband's surname remains common practice today in the United Kingdom although there is no law that states the name must be changed and in other countries such as Australia, New Zealand, Pakistan, Gibraltar, Falkland Islands, Ireland, India, Philippines, the English-speaking provinces of Canada and the United States. In some communities in India, spouses and children take the father's first name or proper name.

Often there are interesting variations of name adoption, including family name adoption. The same study found women with a college degree were "two to four times depending on age more likely to retain their surname" than those without a college degree.

In the lowlands of Scotland in the 16th century, married women did not change their surnames, but today it is common practice to do so. Usually, the children of these marriages are given their father's surname. Some families mainly in the USA have a custom of using the mother's maiden name as a middle name for one of the children— Franklin Delano Roosevelt received his middle name in this way [19] or even as a first name. Spessard Holland , a former Governor of Florida and former Senator, whose mother's maiden name was Virginia Spessard, received his first name in this way.

The American suffragist and abolitionist Lucy Stone — made a national issue of a married woman's right to keep her own surname as she herself did upon marriage as part of her efforts for women's rights in the U. Women who choose not to use their husbands' surnames have been called "Lucy Stoners". But officials would not allow her to vote unless she added "Blackwell", her husband's last name, to her signature. This she refused to do, and so she was not able to vote.

She did not challenge the action in a court of law. The Lucy Stone League , named after her, was founded in by Ruth Hale ; it was the first group to fight for women to be allowed to keep their maiden name after marriage—and to use it legally. Heywood Broun. In Doris Fleischman became the first married woman in the United States to receive a passport in her own name. In People ex rel. Rago v.

Lipsky , 63 N. Grant promptly won the Census Bureau 's agreement that a married woman could use her birth surname as her official or real name in the census. The New York Times , 10 April In the s and s, the League widened its focus to include all discrimination against women in the USA; the League was a forerunner of the National Organization for Women.

In State ex rel. Krupa v. Green , N. In in Stuart v. Board of Elections , Md. In the s the Olympia Brown League was founded to help women's name rights in Milwaukee, in response to a court decision against women seeking to keep their maiden names upon marriage; Olympia Brown had kept hers upon her marriage in Podell , in which the Supreme Court of Wisconsin decided that a woman upon marriage adopts the last name of her husband by customarily using that name after marriage, but also stated that no law required her to.

In in Dunn v. Palermo , the Supreme Court of Tennessee held that "in this jurisdiction a woman, upon marriage, has a freedom of choice.

She may elect to retain her own surname or she may adopt the surname of her husband. The choice is hers. We hold that a person's legal name is that given at birth, or as voluntarily changed by either spouse at the time of marriage, or as changed by affirmative acts as provided under the Constitution and laws of the State of Tennessee.

So long as a person's name remains constant and consistent, and unless and until changed in the prescribed manner, and absent any fraudulent or legally impermissible intent, the State has no legitimate concern.

A new version of the Lucy Stone League was started in , again focused on name equality. The American laws and cases noted above do not include all the relevant American laws and cases regarding maiden names.

Currently, American women do not have to change their names by law. It is less common for women, especially in the US and Canada, to add their spouse's name and their own birth name. Although less common than name joining, a growing trend is the blending of two surnames upon marriage.

An example is Dawn O'Porter. In the United States, some states or areas have laws that restrict what surname a child may have. For example, Tennessee allows a child to be given a surname that does not include that of the father only upon "the concurrent submission of a sworn application to that effect signed by both parents. According to the ACLU, the obstacles facing a husband who wishes to adopt his wife's last name violated the equal protection clause provided by the 14th Amendment of the Constitution.

As a result of the lawsuit, the Name Equality Act of was passed to allow either spouse to change their name, using their marriage license as the means of the change; the law took effect in The feminist Lucy Stone — made a national issue of a married woman's right to keep her own surname as she herself did upon marriage as part of her efforts for women's rights in the U. Because of her, women who choose not to use their husbands' surnames have been called "Lucy Stoners". Cady Stanton, but she refused to be addressed as Mrs.

Henry B. She wrote in that "the custom of calling women Mrs. John This and Mrs. Tom That and colored men Sambo and Zip Coon , is founded on the principle that white men are lords of all.

The woman has no name. She is Mrs. Richard Roe or Mrs. John Doe, just whose Mrs. The feminist Jane Grant , co-founder of The New Yorker , wrote in of her efforts to keep her name despite her marriage, as well as other women's experiences with their maiden names regarding military service, passports, voting , and business. More recently, the feminist Jill Filipovic 's opposition to name change for women who marry was published in The Guardian in as "Why should married women change their names?

Let men change theirs", and cited as recommended reading on the social construction of gender in Critical Encounters in Secondary English: Teaching Literacy Theory to Adolescents by Deborah Appleman One's mother's maiden name has been a common security question in American banking since at least the s. Spouses keep their original surnames.

Following Spanish naming customs , a person's name consists of a given name simple or composite followed by two family names surnames , the father's and the mother's. In Spain , a reform in the law allows the parents to choose whether the father's or the mother's surname goes first, although this order must be the same for all their children. In some Spanish-American countries it is customary for women to unofficially add the husband's first surname after her own, for social purposes such as invitation letters or event announcements.

Wives usually assume the family name of their spouse, although there is a recent trend of women keeping their maiden names. Any children whom a couple have together, take both second-surnames. In Austria , since 1 April , marriage does not automatically change a woman's name; therefore a name change can only take place upon legal application. Before that date, the default was for a married woman's name to be changed to that of her husband, unless she legally applied to opt out of this.

In France , by executive decision since [57] and by law since , [58] any married person may officially use their spouse's name as a common name by substituting or compounding it to their own.

Maiden name

A woman's maiden name can usually be found on any of the documents listed below. If you have the minimum information required to find one of these documents, select the name of that document. The items in the list are ordered from most to least important. If you do not have the minimum information required, read the paragraph below this list. Make sure to check photo albums, scrapbooks, diaries, and family Bibles at home.

Persida Acosta. Dear PAO, I have a long-time girlfriend and we plan to get married by the end of this year. I just want to be enlightened because Linda my girlfriend insists on retaining her maiden name after our marriage.

A Filipina who marries has options. Under Article of the Civil Code of the Philippines , it states that a married woman may use:. The third option is not so popular. Unfortunately, however, not many government offices, health establishments, and other institutions are aware of such provisions in the law. Lourisa Loren , for instance, wanted to keep her maiden name after marriage.

How to find the maiden names of women in your family tree

Title XIII. Legitimate and legitimated children shall principally use the surname of the father. A natural child acknowledged by both parents shall principally use the surname of the father. If recognized by only one of the parents, a natural child shall employ the surname of the recognizing parent. Natural children by legal fiction shall principally employ the surname of the father. Illegitimate children referred to in Article shall bear the surname of the mother. Children conceived before the decree an'ing a voidable marriage shall principally use the surname of the father.

Maiden and married names

When entering a woman's name in a family tree, enter her maiden name her last name at birth. Using maiden names in family trees connects women to their birth families, ensures that you record their pre-marriage names, and keeps consistency in your tree among women who never married, married once, and married more than once. If you don't know a woman's maiden name, leave her last name blank. If a woman married, her married last name is recorded in the tree by entering her husband into the tree as well. His last name is assumed to be her married last name.

Some couples choose to keep their own names.

When a person traditionally the wife in many cultures assumes the family name of their spouse , that name replaces the person's previous surname , which in the case of the wife is called the maiden name birth name is also used as a gender-neutral or masculine substitute for maiden name , whereas a married name is a family name or surname adopted by a person upon marriage. In Scotland it is legal and not unusual for a woman to retain her maiden name after marriage. In point of fact if a woman's family was more 'influential' than the groom then he sometimes took his bride's family name.

Keeping Your Maiden Name After Marriage: Is It Legal?

In order to locate information about your female answers, you will want to peruse a variety of public records. Before you begin your search either online or offline, there is a very useful reference book I highly recommend:. This book gives a state-by-state guide for the U. It is available from GenealogyStore.

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Women can retain maiden name after marriage

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A married woman may use: (1) Her maiden first name and surname and add her husband's surname, or. (2) Her maiden first name and her husband's surname.

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Is Keeping Your ‘Maiden’ Name a Good Financial Move?

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When to Use Maiden Names

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Tracing Women Identifying Maiden Names (National Institute)

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