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How did woman get pregnant

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All A-Z health topics. View all pages in this section. About this tool Host this tool. Infertility means not being able to get pregnant after one year of trying or six months if a woman is 35 or older. Women who can get pregnant but are unable to stay pregnant may also be infertile. About 10 percent of women 6.

SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Fertilization (Conception)

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SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Real Questions - Easiest time to get pregnant?

How long does it take to get pregnant?

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He wanted to give them a chance at birthing their own children, especially in countries like his native Sweden where surrogacy is illegal.

He auditioned the procedure in female rodents. Then he moved on to sheep and baboons. Two years ago, in a medical first, he managed to help a human womb—transplant patient deliver her own baby boy. In other patients, four more babies followed.

Cecile Unger, a specialist in female pelvic medicine at Cleveland Clinic, says several of the roughly 40 male-to-female transgender patients she saw in the past year have asked her about uterine transplants. One patient, she says, asked if she should wait to have her sex reassignment surgery until she could have a uterine transplant at the same time.

Boston Medical Center endocrinologist Joshua Safer says he, too, has fielded such requests among a small number of his transgender patients. With each patient, the subsequent conversations were an exercise in tamping down expectations.

To date there are no hard answers about whether such a fantastical-sounding procedure could enable a transwoman to carry a child. The operation has not been explored in animal trials, let alone in humans. Yet with six planned uterine transplant clinical trials among natal female patients across the U. A string of successes could set a precedent that—along with patient interest—may crack open the door for other applications, including helping transwomen.

Such a future is hard to imagine, at least in the near term. The surgery is still very experimental, even among natal women. Just over a dozen uterus transplants have been performed so far—with mixed results. One day after the first U. The trouble is that uterine transplants are extremely complex and resource-intensive, requiring dozens of health personnel and careful coordination. First a uterus and its accompanying veins and arteries must be removed from a donor, either a living volunteer or a cadaver.

Then the organ must be quickly implanted and must function correctly—ultimately producing menstruation in its recipient. If the patient does not have further complications, a year later a doctor may then implant an embryo created via in vitro fertilization. The resulting baby would have to be born through cesarean section—as a safety precaution to limit stress on the transplanted organ, and because the patient cannot feel labor contractions nerves are not transplanted with the uterus.

Following the transplant and throughout the pregnancy the patient has to take powerful antirejection drugs that come with the risk of problematic side effects. The dynamic process of pregnancy also requires much more than simply having a womb to host a fetus, so the hurdles would be even greater for a transwoman.

To support a fetus through pregnancy a transgender recipient would also need the right hormonal milieu and the vasculature to feed the uterus, along with a vagina. For individuals who are willing to take these extreme steps, reproductive specialists say such a breakthrough could be theoretically possible—just not easy.

Here is how it could work: First, a patient would likely need castration surgery and high doses of exogenous hormones because high levels of male sex hormones, called androgens, could threaten pregnancy.

Although hormone treatments can be powerful, patients would likely need to be castrated because the therapy might not be enough to maintain the pregnancy among patients with testes.

A small number of surgeons already have experience creating artificial vaginas and connecting them to uterine transplants. Separately, surgeons that specialize in working with transwomen also often create neovaginas after castration, using skin from the penis and the scrotum. Experts disagree about what would be the biggest barrier to pulling off these theoretical transplants and pregnancies. Giuliano Testa, a transplant surgeon at Baylor University Medical Center who will soon be directing uterine transplant surgeries among natal women, says the hormones would likely prove the biggest obstacle.

Bowers, who is transgender herself, says she is concerned about dangers to the fetus from a potentially unstable biological environment and unforeseen risks for the mother-to-be. Costs and ethics also pose significant barriers. And some doctors working on the frontlines with transgender patients have expressed concerns about the ethics involved in the risks.

Sauer, the gynecologist from Columbia, says that with options including surrogacy and adoption available in many locations, an experimental surgery to help patients give birth—not save their lives—seems like a huge risk. Yet there is no discussion yet about how transgender candidates would be included in the mix.

Additionally, it is unclear how demand for a uterus would be weighed by a hospital or an organization like the United Network for Organ Sharing. The next natural step for those interested in assisting transgender or male patients, however, would likely be tackling this procedure among women with a rare condition called androgen insensitivity syndrome , he says.

A person with AIS appears largely female, but has no uterus and is genetically male. Amid these complex discussions there is one bright spot, the relative ease of finding the organs. Already one group has proved rich in willing donors: people who are transitioning from female to male and have also decided to have their uteruses removed. Such potential donors may seem ideal because they are not pursuing a hysterectomy due to disease. But a major catch is the medical risk they face: A standard hysterectomy takes between a half-hour and an hour, but preparing a uterus and its associated blood vessels for transplant would keep such patients under the knife for as long as 10 or 11 hours.

Clearly, the ethics of such donations would have to be studied extensively, Unger says. Like uterine transplants for transgender patients, this is all uncharted territory. Dina Fine Maron, formerly an associate editor at Scientific American , is now a wildlife trade investigative reporter at National Geographic.

You have free article s left. Already a subscriber? Sign in. See Subscription Options. Read Now. A Risky Prospect The trouble is that uterine transplants are extremely complex and resource-intensive, requiring dozens of health personnel and careful coordination. Get smart. Sign up for our email newsletter. Sign Up. See Subscription Options Already a subscriber? Sign In See Subscription Options.

How a Transgender Woman Could Get Pregnant

To optimize women's fertility, taking better care of their bodies is a good first step. But what else can women do to improve their odds of having a baby? The most important advice for a woman who wants to get pregnant is to get to know her body, specifically her menstrual cycle, said Dr.

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During nearly four decades of marriage, Akosua Budu Amoako and her husband tried to have a child, without success. But last month, at age 59, Budu gave birth to her first child after fertility treatments. He's named after his father, Isaiah Somuah Anim. The couple, he added, "are so happy about the whole thing. Budu said she and her year-old husband, who live in Schenectady, had tried for years to get pregnant naturally after they married 38 years ago, but they eventually stopped trying.

Babymaking 101: Ways to Get Pregnant Faster

Your 20s are full of excitement. Whether you were getting settled in your career, establishing a relationship with your partner, or exploring the world, this decade is time for new experiences and finding out who you are. In your 30s, you might find stability more appealing. This could include settling down in a new location, in your career, or with a person. You may feel more comfortable about your place in the world. For some women, this is a time when they begin thinking about children and starting a family. There is a lot of talk about what it means to get pregnant in your 30s — particularly after No matter what age you are, pregnancy comes with a lot of questions. However, for women over 35, there may be a few more concerns and certainly more misconceptions. FACT: To get pregnant, you need two things: an egg and a sperm to fertilize that egg.

Can a Woman Become Pregnant During Her Period?

You want to do everything right in bed to maximize your chances of conceiving. No methods have been proven to produce a pregnancy. Yet a few changes to the timing and frequency of your lovemaking might help increase your odds of success. The best time to get pregnant is at the most fertile point in your menstrual cycle. The two days before you ovulate and the day of ovulation have the highest probability of conception.

If you're hoping to conceive, don't leave it to luck.

For the best chance of getting pregnant, you need to get your eggs and your partner's sperm together as often as possible. More than 8 out of 10 couples where the woman is aged under 40 will get pregnant within one year if they have regular unprotected sex. More than 9 out of 10 couples will get pregnant within two years.

4 Myths About Getting Pregnant After 35 — Debunked

Some women get pregnant very quickly, in fact 1 in 3 women who are having regular sex every 2 to 3 days or timing sex around ovulation , will conceive within a month. However, age makes a difference. Starting at age 34 your ability to get pregnant starts to decline gradually.

It's a common misconception that if a woman has sex during her period she cannot become pregnant. While a woman is unlikely to get pregnant during her period, it is absolutely possible. Hakakha says. If there is no fertilization, the lining of the uterus is sloughed off about 14 days later. This is called your period.

How to get pregnant

Back to Pregnancy. Yes, although the risk of getting pregnant in this way is very low. If you want to avoid getting pregnant, you should use contraception. A man's semen the liquid produced when he ejaculates or "comes" contains millions of sperm. One ejaculation can contain more than million sperm. As soon as the penis is erect, before the man ejaculates, a liquid called pre-ejaculate is produced. This liquid can contain thousands of sperm.

In addition, sperm can live inside the female reproductive tract as long as five days after sexual intercourse under the right conditions. Your chance of getting.

He wanted to give them a chance at birthing their own children, especially in countries like his native Sweden where surrogacy is illegal. He auditioned the procedure in female rodents. Then he moved on to sheep and baboons. Two years ago, in a medical first, he managed to help a human womb—transplant patient deliver her own baby boy.

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Comments: 1
  1. Goltishicage

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